Coronavirus Stages – Epidemic and Pandemic
By on April 4th, 2020
Coronavirus Stages – Epidemic and Pandemic

The navel coronavirus (COVID-19) – a disease that has disrupted the entire world has been declared as a pandemic by the WHO on March 11, 2020. It is no more a public health emergency of International concern, but a fatal virus that is spreading at an alarming rate. People are scared as more than 16,000 individuals have lost their lives in this battle. Before this, epidemiologists were confused as to how to address this disease, an outbreak, epidemic or a pandemic?

However, to clear the misconceptions first understand the difference between all these three elements. An outbreak is the spread of a disease in a specific geographic area or community—for example, seasonal flu. Secondly, the word epidemic is used to describe a disease that transmits from one person to another rapidly. Lastly, a pandemic disease spreads globally and affects every individual regardless of the age, gender or location.

Why Take This Pandemic Seriously?

COVID-19 has already affected 196 countries and territories, and it is still spreading because of the lesser medical equipment to treat the patients. Moreover, in 10 years it is the first time that the WHO has named a disease to be pandemic after N1H1 outbreak in 2009. If we talk about N1H1, it was a novel flu that was transmitting from people to people and had no vaccinations to cure it. However, due to its similarity with normal influenza, it was easier to diagnose its cure.

Unfortunately, the humankind has never faced a disease something as destructive as the COVID-19. Not only it has affected the pupils’ or adults’ health but has also shattered the world’s economy. All around the world, thousands of schools have been shut down, and employees have been given the work from home orders. Yet, many people are taking this pandemic lightly and taking preventive measures.

This disease starts with normal flu with symptoms such as a mild cough, sneeze, and fever and later transforms them into a breathing issue. Precisely, it is caused by a virus that attacks your respiratory organs and prevents you from breathing normally. If immediate medication is not granted, the survival chances are low. Moreover, the terrifying thing is that there are no signs of catching the virus in the initial 14-28 days. A person has to wait a given period before they can check themselves for the disease.

What You Can Do in this Pandemic?

When experiencing the COVID-19 pandemic, every individual must follow the basic preventive measure to lessen the virus’s impact.

Following are the things you can do to protect yourself and the people around you.

1. Limit Social Gatherings

Limit Social Gatherings

Despite looking at the conditions of the world’s superpowers China and the US, people still are not learning from their situations. The daily parties, meetings and all are going on as usual while the first step to preventing this virus from spreading is to avoid social gatherings. This is because you do not know who is carrying the virus with them, as of today, they won’t even know themselves because this disease is asymptotic which means some of the victims may face it and some may not. After a few weeks, when the symptoms become severe only then, you would realise you’ve been carrying it and infecting other people around you.

2. Restrict Your Visits to the Hospitals

Restrict Your Visits to the Hospitals

During this pandemic, hospitals are the more dangerous places to visit. The rate of catching the disease is ten times higher than any other places. Thus, no matter how much close of a friend or family member is admitted in the hospital, refrain from visiting them. By doing this, you are not only saving yourself from the disease but also limiting the spread of it.

3. Wash Your Hands Often

Wash Your Hands Often

It is advised by the doctors and researchers to keep yourself clean and avoid touching your nose, eyes or mouth. In case you have flu, use a cloth or tissue to cover your coughs and sneezes. Ensure to immediately dispose of the material and wash your hands with water for at least 20 seconds. If you are using a hand sanitiser, the gel must contain at least 60% of alcohol to kill the germs. Rub both of your hands together gently and cover all parts until they are dry.

4. Wear a Face Mask

Wear a Face Mask

Even if you are completely normal and have no signs of the virus, use a mask to cover your nose and mouth as the next ten days starting from today are important and will determine whether you are positive or negative to the disease. It is not only to keep yourself safe but also the other individuals who work or live with you. In case you are sick, wear a mask at all times. Avoid meeting with children as they are more prone to catching such diseases.

5. Clean and Disinfect Your Surroundings

Clean and Disinfect Your Surroundings

As reported, the coronavirus sits on a surface for several hours. Researchers concluded that the germs stay up to four hours on copper and lasts up to twenty-four hours on cardboard. Not only this, but the particles of the virus are also detectable on plastic and stainless steel for three days.

Moreover, it also travels from the air and lasts several hours there. Thus, it is important to keep your surroundings tidy and disinfect them regularly. Frequently used objects like mobile phones, keyboards, doorknobs, tables, light switches, handles, faucets, toilets, sinks, and other similar products must be kept clean.

Watch Out For COVID-19 Symptoms

The confirmed cases of COVID-19 has been diagnosed for mild flu which on getting severe resulted in breathing issues and death. These symptoms may appear after 14 to 28 days after being exposed to the germs.

  • Fever
  • Sneeze
  • Cough
  • Breathing issues

If you are at the alarming stage of the disease, you may face the following symptoms:

  • You may breathe heavily due to shortness of oxygen.
  • You feel pain and pressure on the chest.
  • Your face and lips become blue.
  • You face difficulty in standing up due to unclear vision.

If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, rush to the hospital now and get yourself checked. Your doctor will advise you other necessities; however, you can do the following on your own.

Staying at Home

  • Isolate yourself from the world and limit your interactions. Take UK dissertation help but do not go to your friends for combined studies either and maintain social distance.
  • Keep your doctor in the loop about your conditions and contact immediately in case of emergency.
  • Only go out when it is important but still avoid using public transport.
  • If you own a pet, limit your contact with them too. Although there is no case reported yet that was induced by an animal; it is important to take precautions.

When Will this Pandemic End?

The whole world is in this war together. With thousands of people dead and countless are at risk, there is no surety that the disease is going to end soon. However, the only way out is through a vaccination that can help people recover from the virus or through herd immunity when the whole communities become immune to the disease that it stops transmitting from person to person. Till then, we can only pray and support each other in this pandemic by keeping ourselves safe first.

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